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  Economic Machine
Economic Machine
19877#19881 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19881
Economic Machine
by Ray Dalio
19877#4929 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 4929
○○○ asset ⪢⪢
Each transaction consists of a buyer exchanging money or credit with a seller for goods, services or financial assets. #economy
19877#19887 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19887
○○○ collateral ⪢⪢
In the event that he can't repay, he has valuable assets to use it as collateral that can be sold. #economy
19877#19901 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19901
○○○ complacent ⪢⪢
Those who are inventive and hard-working raise their productivity and their living standards faster than those who are complacent and lazy. #economy
19877#19904 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19904
○○○ credit ⪢⪢
When borrowers promise to repay and lenders believe them, credit is created. #economy
19877#19899 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19899
○○○ debt ⪢⪢
Debt is because it allows us to consume more than we produce when we require it and it forces us to consume less than we produce when we have to pay it back. #economy
19877#19906 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19906
○○○ due ⪢⪢
As mentioned, swings around the line are not due to how much innovation or hard work there is. They're primarily due to how much credit there is. #economy
19877#19908 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19908
○○○ economy ⪢⪢
An economy is simply the sum of transactions that make it up and a transaction is a very simple thing. You make transactions all the time. Every time you buy something, you create a transaction. #economy
19877#19886 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19886
○○○ fluctuate ⪢⪢
Productivity matters mostly in the long run but credit matters mostly in the short run. This is because productivity growth doesn't fluctuate much. So it's not a big driver of economic swings. #economy
19877#19905 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19905
○○○ government ⪢⪢
A central government that collects taxes and spends money and a central bank which is different from other buyers and sellers because it controls the amount of money and credit in the economy. #economy
19877#19895 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19895
○○○ lay ⪢⪢
We'll look at these three forces and how laying them on top of each other creates a good template for tracking economic movements and figuring out what's happening now. #economy
19877#19885 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19885
○○○ lender ⪢⪢
Lenders usually want to make their money into more money and borrowers usually want to buy something they can't afford like a house or a car or they want to invest in some thing like starting a business. #economy
19877#19897 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19897
○○○ market ⪢⪢
A market consists of all the buyers and all the sellers making transactions for the same thing. #economy
19877#19893 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19893
○○○ needless ⪢⪢
The economy works like a simple machine but many people don't understand it or they don't agree on how it works. And this has led to a lot of needless economic suffering. #economy
19877#19882 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19882
○○○ out of thin air ⪢⪢
Any two people can agree to create credit out of thin air. #economy
19877#19900 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19900
○○○ price ⪢⪢
The total amount of spending drives the economy. If you divide the amount spent by the quantity sold you get the price. #economy
19877#19891 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19891
○○○ principal ⪢⪢
Borrowers promise to repay the amount they borrow called the principal plus an additional amount called interest. #economy
19877#19898 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19898
Proverbs and Quotes in English
Short sentences and easy words.
○○○ productivity ⪢⪢
Over time we've learned that accumulated knowledge raises our living standards. We call this productivity growth. #economy
19877#19903 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19903
○○○ sidestep ⪢⪢
19877#19873 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19873
○○○ spending ⪢⪢
Credit spends just like money so adding together the money spent and the amount of credit spent you could know the total spending. #economy
19877#19890 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19890
○○○ swing ⪢⪢
Debt swings occur in two big cycles. One takes about 5 to 8 years and the other takes about 75 to 100 years. While most people feel the swings, they typically don't see them as cycles because they see them too up close - day by day, week by week. #economy
19877#19907 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19907
○○○ transaction ⪢⪢
19877#19876 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19876
○○○ volatile ⪢⪢
19877#19896 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19896
○○○ zillion ⪢⪢
Though the economy might seem complex, it works in a simple mechanical way. It's made up of a few simple parts and a lot of simple transactions that are repeated over and over again a zillion times. #economy
19877#19874 SIBLINGS CHILDREN 19874