mythology, history, cities, ...
03.21~04.19 Aries the Ram
Aries is the first of the 12 zodiac signs and represents anyone whose birthday falls between the dates of March 21st and April 19th. The name Aries comes from the Latin word meaning 'ram'.
07.22~08.23 Leo the Lion
Those born between the dates of July 23rd and August 22nd can expect to fall under the constallation of Leo, the 5th sign in the zodiac cycle. Leo's name derived from Latin word for 'lion'.
08 August ▷▷▷
Augustus the emperor of Rome who became after Caesar, thought this month naming _____ was a fine idea and so Sextilis became Augustus, August for him.
09.23~10.22 Libra the Scales
Libra is the 7th constallation in the zodiac. The sign is associated with people born between September 23 and October 22. Libra's name is derived from the Latin word for _____.
Ρ ρ ϱ
goddess of beauty, love, desire and pleasure.
In Hesiod's theogony she was born from sea foam and Uranus severed genitals.
In Homer's Iliad she is daughter of Zeus and Dione.
Ares, god of war, bloodshed and violence. The son of Zeus and Hera, he was depicted as a beardless youth either nude with a helmet and a spear or sword as an armed warrior. His sacred animals include vultures, venomous snakes, dogs and boars.
Polaris, Andromeda, Neried, Persius, doom, supernova remnant
Celestial bodies of the week
The island of _____ was one of the most important places in the ancient Greek world with temples honoring the birthplace of the twin gods, Apollo and Artemis.
And Friday. Well, the only planet left is Venus, goddess of love. The Anglo-Saxen goddess of love was Frigg and this is her day. But whether Venus or Frigg day, everybody loves it.
Greek Myth Vocabulary
hubris, nemesis, Sisyphus, mortal, immortal, diety, dieu, dios, underworld, Hades, nymph, nectar, prophecy, revelation, Minotaur
Monday is moon day. Roman mythology had the moon goddess Luna which why French has Lundi, Spanish Lunes, but here English substituted its own old Enlish word for moon, Mona.
Once upon a time there lived a great musician in Greece called Orpheus. Orpheus lived with his wife Eurydice who loved him very deeply. Orpheus is also madly in love with Eurydice. They really were made for each other.
Planets in the night sky
A meteor streaking past the Big Dipper during the 2015 Perseid meteor shower.
The planets were named for gods of Roman mythology. In Latin Saturday was dies Saturni, day of Saturn, god of agriculture. English stuck with that idea for Saturday.
So when Persephone was with Hades, Demeter was sad and not in the mood for the harvest. The Earth would decline into autumn and winter. When Persephone was with her mother, Demeter would shine from happiness and the land would become fertile and fruitful.
In ancient Latin Sunday was Dies Solis or the Sun God but in Christian era it was renamed Domonicas for lord's day.
Most of the Romance languages use a desendant of that but in English and Germanic languages it is still named for the sun.
The Prince with Donkey Ears
The king decreed that the prince was to use a special hat that would cover his ears and that he was never to take it off.
When the royal barber took the prince's hat off he was surprised as was the prince to see the donkey ears.
I bet you can guess who Thursday is named for. In ancient Rome Jupiter or Jove, the sky god of thunder, a pretty good match for Thor.
"Sometimes what appears to be a gift can be a trap instead."
Tuesday is Mars day. But the Anglo-saxons had their own sky god of war named Tiw or Tyr in Norse Mythology known as the one-handed war god (due to his hand having been bitten off by a wolf).
The reason that Wednesday is spelled so funny is because it's actually Woden's day. Woden was the big guy of Germanic mythology and the creator of the universe and master of hunting and war while the Roman god Mercury was a mere messenger to the gods.
king of the gods, ruler of Mt. Olympus and god of the sky, weather, thunder, lightning, law, order and justice.
Zeus Family Tree
Cronus Rhea Hades Poseidon Zeus
Hestia Hera Demeter Athena Apollo Artemis Persephone Aphrodite Eros Cupid
π ≈ 3.14
The ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter
π(n) is the number of primes less than or equal to n.
Φ ≈ 1.618
Keplar observed that the relationship between a number in Fibonacci sequence and the previous number more and more closely approaches the irrational number Φ the longer the sequence is continued and Φ describes nothing other than the golden section.
ψ ≈ 137.5°
Divides the angle of 360° in the proportions of the golden section. As angles smaller than 180° proved more handy in practice, the smaller of the resultant angles is usually called golden angle.